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Review
. 2013 Jun;94(Pt 6):1151-1160.
doi: 10.1099/vir.0.051276-0. Epub 2013 Mar 13.

Innate Cellular Responses to Rotavirus Infection

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Review

Innate Cellular Responses to Rotavirus Infection

Gavan Holloway et al. J Gen Virol. .

Abstract

Rotavirus is a leading cause of severe dehydrating diarrhoea in infants and young children. Following rotavirus infection in the intestine an innate immune response is rapidly triggered. This response leads to the induction of type I and type III interferons (IFNs) and other cytokines, resulting in a reduction in viral replication. Here we review the current literature describing the detection of rotavirus infection by pattern recognition receptors within host cells, the subsequent molecular mechanisms leading to IFN and cytokine production, and the processes leading to reduced rotavirus replication and the development of protective immunity. Rotavirus countermeasures against innate responses, and their roles in modulating rotavirus replication in mice, also are discussed. By linking these different aspects of innate immunity, we provide a comprehensive overview of the host's first line of defence against rotavirus infection. Understanding these processes is expected to be of benefit in improving strategies to combat rotavirus disease.

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