Periventricular heterotopia (PH) is a disorder of neuronal migration. Previous clinical reports of PH have largely focused on the seizure-related and neurodevelopmental consequences of this condition. The authors report four unrelated individuals with PH, with particular emphasis on their behavioral and psychiatric morbidity. A review of the literature suggests that neuropsychiatric presentations are an underrecognized consequence of PH. Clinicians need to be alert to psychiatric complications associated with PH and related disorders of neuronal migration.