Aim: To evaluate the outcomes and patterns of patients with secondary relapsed ovarian cancer.
Methods: A retrospective study was conducted. The cases comprised 83 patients who underwent tertiary cytoreductive surgery (TCS) followed by chemotherapy, whereas the controls consisted of 76 patients who received chemotherapy alone.
Results: The median survival was 20 months in 159 patients. Patients with microscopic residual disease after TCS had a median survival of 32.9 months compared with 14.6 months in those with macroscopic residual disease [hazard ratio (HR), 2.82; P = 0.001) and 15.0 months in patients with chemotherapy alone (HR, 2.23; P = 0.001). When stratified by a progression-free interval (PFI) after secondary cytoreduction (SCR), TCS showed no benefit in patients with a PFI ≤12 months or a PFI >12 months compared with those with chemotherapy alone. TCS improved survival in patients with recurrent disease in the pelvis compared with those with recurrent disease in the middle or upper abdomen, with a median survival of 34.9 months and 14.6 months, respectively (HR, 2.94; P = 0.010). However, TCS was not a survival determinant by multivariate analysis. A multivariate analysis identified a PFI after SCR (≤12 mos vs. >12 mos; HR, 2.34; 95% CI, 1.29-4.24; P = 0.005), mesenteric lymph node metastasis at SCR (yes vs. no; HR, 4.18; 95% CI, 1.93-9.03; P < 0.001) and treatment arms at secondary relapse (chemotherapy alone vs. TCS; HR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.03-2.38; P = 0.037) as independent predictors of survival.
Conclusions: Limited survival benefit from tertiary cytoreductive surgery was observed in patients with platinum-sensitive secondary relapsed ovarian cancer.
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.