Personality, stress and disease: description and validation of a new inventory

Psychol Rep. 1990 Apr;66(2):355-73. doi: 10.2466/pr0.1990.66.2.355.


The construction of a new Personality-Stress Inventory is discussed, based on previous research and other types of inventory constructed on the same principles. Scores on the inventory divide people into six types, selectively prone to different types of disease. The instrument is administered twice, with six months intervening, and changes in the inventory scores are prognostic of the probability of contracting different diseases. Evidence is presented to show the validity of the questionnaire and the method used.

MeSH terms

  • Coronary Disease / psychology*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Individuality
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / psychology*
  • Personality Inventory*
  • Psychometrics
  • Psychophysiologic Disorders / psychology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sick Role*
  • Stress, Psychological / complications*
  • Type A Personality*