[Peripartum aortic dissection]

Anaesthesist. 2013 Apr;62(4):293-5. doi: 10.1007/s00101-013-2153-2. Epub 2013 Mar 16.
[Article in German]

Abstract

A 29-year-old primagravida developed severe chest pains during labor. An emergency caesarean section was performed as the symptoms persisted. Imaging diagnosis immediately after delivery revealed an acute proximal (type A) aortic dissection. The patient was transferred to the nearest cardiothoracic surgery centre and successful emergency surgical aortic repair was performed. The perioperative course of a type A aortic dissection during pregnancy and labor is complicated by time pressure, diagnostic restrictions until delivery and potentially fatal uterine bleeding during cardiopulmonary bypass and hypothermic cardiac arrest. This case report describes the diagnosis and the surgical, anesthesiological and gynecological management of this life-threatening peripartum complication.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anesthesia
  • Aortic Aneurysm / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Aneurysm / surgery*
  • Aortic Dissection / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Dissection / surgery*
  • Cesarean Section
  • Echocardiography
  • Echocardiography, Transesophageal
  • Electrocardiography
  • Emergency Medical Services
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Peripartum Period
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular / diagnostic imaging
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular / surgery*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed