Ubiquitin ligases and cell cycle control

Annu Rev Biochem. 2013;82:387-414. doi: 10.1146/annurev-biochem-060410-105307. Epub 2013 Mar 13.

Abstract

The ubiquitin-proteasome system plays a pivotal role in the sequence of events leading to cell division known as the cell cycle. Not only does ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis constitute a critical component of the core oscillator that drives the cell cycle in all eukaryotes, it is also central to the mechanisms that ensure that the integrity of the genome is maintained. These functions are primarily carried out by two families of E3 ubiquitin ligases, the Skp/cullin/F-box-containing and anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome complexes. However, beyond those functions associated with regulation of central cell cycle events, many peripheral cell cycle-related processes rely on ubiquitylation for signaling, homeostasis, and dynamicity, involving additional types of ubiquitin ligases and regulators. We are only beginning to understand the diversity and complexity of this regulation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anaphase-Promoting Complex-Cyclosome
  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle / physiology*
  • Cell Cycle Checkpoints / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Ligases / metabolism*
  • SKP Cullin F-Box Protein Ligases / metabolism*
  • Ubiquitin / metabolism*
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligase Complexes / metabolism*
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / metabolism*
  • Ubiquitination / physiology*

Substances

  • Ubiquitin
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligase Complexes
  • Anaphase-Promoting Complex-Cyclosome
  • SKP Cullin F-Box Protein Ligases
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
  • Ligases