Human papillomavirus vaccine initiation and awareness: U.S. young men in the 2010 National Health Interview Survey

Am J Prev Med. 2013 Apr;44(4):330-338. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2012.11.027.


Background: In 2009, the quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was licensed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in men/boys aged 9-26 years. In 2009, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) provided a permissive recommendation allowing HPV vaccine administration to this group.

Purpose: To assess HPV vaccination initiation and coverage, evaluate awareness of HPV and HPV vaccine, and identify factors independently associated with such awareness among men aged 18-26 years.

Methods: Data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey were analyzed in 2011.

Results: In 2010, HPV vaccination initiation among men aged 18-26 years was 1.1%. Among the 1741 men interviewed in this age group, nearly half had heard of HPV (51.8%). Overall, about one third of these men had heard of the HPV vaccine (34.8%). Factors independently associated with a higher likelihood of awareness of both HPV and HPV vaccine among men aged 18-26 years included having non-Hispanic white race/ethnicity; a higher education level; a U.S. birthplace; more physician contacts; private health insurance; received other vaccines; and reported risk behaviors related to sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV.

Conclusions: HPV vaccination initiation among men aged 18-26 years in 2010 was low. HPV and HPV vaccine awareness were also low, and messages in this area directed to men are needed. Since ACIP published a recommendation for routine use of HPV4 among men/boys in December 2011, continued monitoring of HPV vaccination uptake among men aged 18-26 years is useful for evaluating the vaccination campaigns, and planning and implementing strategies to increase coverage.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Drug Approval
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Immunization Programs
  • Male
  • Papillomavirus Infections / prevention & control*
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines / administration & dosage*
  • United States
  • United States Food and Drug Administration
  • Young Adult


  • Papillomavirus Vaccines