Algorithm for the resuscitation of traumatic cardiac arrest patients in a physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical service

Crit Care. 2013 Mar 12;17(2):308. doi: 10.1186/cc12504.


Survival rates following traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) are known to be poor but resuscitation is not universally futile. There are a number of potentially reversible causes to TCA and a well-defined group of survivors. There are distinct differences in the pathophysiology between medical cardiac arrests and TCA. The authors present some of the key differences and evidence related to resuscitation in TCA, and suggest a separate algorithm for the management of out-of-hospital TCA attended by a highly trained physician and paramedic team.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Air Ambulances*
  • Algorithms*
  • Emergency Medical Services / methods*
  • Emergency Medical Services / trends
  • Humans
  • Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest / diagnosis
  • Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest / therapy*
  • Physician's Role*
  • Resuscitation / methods*
  • Resuscitation / trends