A Comparison of Condom Use Perceptions and Behaviours Between Circumcised and Intact Men Attending Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinics in the United States

Int J STD AIDS. 2013 Mar;24(3):175-8. doi: 10.1177/0956462412472444. Epub 2013 May 6.


This investigation compared circumcised and intact (uncircumcised) men attending sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics on condom perceptions and frequencies of use. Men (N = 316) were recruited from public clinics in two US states. Circumcision status was self-reported through the aid of diagrams. Intact men were less likely to report unprotected vaginal sex (P < 0.001), infrequent condom use (P = 0.02) or lack of confidence to use condoms (P = 0.049). The bivariate association between circumcision status and unprotected sex was moderated by age (P < 0.001), recent STD acquisition (P < 0.001) and by confidence level for condom use (P < 0.001). The bivariate association between circumcision status and infrequent condom use was also moderated by age (P = 0.002), recent STI acquisition (P = 0.02) and confidence level (P = 0.01). Multivariate findings supported the conclusion that intact men may use condoms more frequently and that confidence predicts use, suggesting that intervention programmes should focus on building men's confidence to use condoms, especially for circumcised men.

Keywords: HIV; STI; circumcision; condoms; men; prevention; sexually transmitted infection.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Circumcision, Male / psychology*
  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Kentucky
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Perception*
  • Risk-Taking
  • Sexual Behavior / psychology*
  • Sexual Behavior / statistics & numerical data
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Young Adult