Male genital trauma in sports

Clin Sports Med. 2013 Apr;32(2):247-54. doi: 10.1016/j.csm.2012.12.012. Epub 2013 Feb 1.


Male genital trauma is a rare but potentially serious sports injury. Although such an injury can occur by many different mechanisms, including falls, collisions, straddle injuries, kicks, and equipment malfunction, the clinical presentation is typically homogeneous, characterized by pain and swelling. Almost all sports-related male genital injury comes from blunt force trauma, with involvement of scrotal structures far more common than penile structures. Most injuries can be treated conservatively, but catastrophic testicular injury must first be ruled out. Despite being relatively uncommon compared with other sports injuries, more than half of all testicular injuries are sustained during sports.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries* / diagnosis
  • Athletic Injuries* / surgery
  • Hematocele / etiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Penis / diagnostic imaging
  • Penis / injuries*
  • Physical Examination
  • Protective Devices
  • Rupture / diagnosis
  • Scrotum / diagnostic imaging
  • Scrotum / injuries*
  • Testicular Hydrocele / etiology
  • Ultrasonography
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / diagnosis
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / surgery