Hypertension management initiative: qualitative results from implementing clinical practice guidelines in primary care through a facilitated practice program

Can J Cardiol. 2013 May;29(5):632-5. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2012.12.005. Epub 2013 Mar 21.


The goal of the Hypertension Management Initiative (HMI) is to improve the management and control of hypertension by both primary care providers and patients. The HMI was in effect in 11 primary care sites across the province of Ontario, Canada. This was a qualitative study. Focus groups and a lobby survey were completed with a total of 199 of the 3934 patients enrolled in the study. Interviews with 41 participating health care providers from all sites were performed. A qualitative description approach was used to give a rich description of each informant's experiences. Patients expressed motivation and engagement in their own health care and became more knowledgeable about hypertension and how to manage it with their health care providers. Most reported satisfaction with the discipline of regular appointments and ongoing monitoring and counseling of the program including identifying and working on goals for their modifiable risk factors. Their health care providers felt the HMI program had a positive impact on the treatment and management of hypertension and also that it improved the functioning of the interprofessional team. The HMI helped to improve patient self-empowerment and self-management and also improved physicians' and nurses' confidence in diagnosing accurately and in hypertension management. Physician buy-in is key to maintaining clinical hypertension management. Interprofessional collaboration was improved for physicians and nurses but less so for pharmacists. Greater confidence among the nurses to manage hypertension more independently reduced demands on physician time.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Health Personnel
  • Health Promotion / methods*
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / diagnosis
  • Hypertension / prevention & control
  • Hypertension / therapy*
  • Interprofessional Relations
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ontario
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Patients
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Primary Health Care
  • Professional-Patient Relations
  • Qualitative Research