Demonstration of saw blade accuracy and excursion: a cadaveric comparison study of blade types used in total knee arthroplasty

J Arthroplasty. 2013 Jun;28(6):985-7. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2013.02.006. Epub 2013 Mar 20.


In total knee arthroplasty, outcomes partly depend on accurate osteotomies and integrity of stabilizing structures. We compared accuracy and excursion between a conventional and an oscillating tip saw blade. Two sets of osteotomies were made on cadaveric knees. Bi-planar accuracy was compared using computer navigation, and excursion was compared using methylene blue. Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney testing demonstrated no significant difference in blade accuracy (p=0.35). Blades were within 0.5 degrees of neutral coronally and 2.0 degrees sagittally. The oscillating tip blade demonstrated less dye markings on the surrounding tissues. Accurate osteotomies and soft tissue protection are critical to successful arthroplasties. Although comparative accuracy was equal, the oscillating tip blade exhibited less excursion displaying potential for less iatrogenic soft tissue injuries leading to catastrophic failure.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee / instrumentation*
  • Cadaver
  • Equipment Design
  • Humans
  • Osteotomy / instrumentation*