The gut derived peptides, glucagon-like peptides 1 and 2 (GLP-1 and GLP-2), are secreted following nutrient ingestion. GLP-1 and another gut peptide, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are collectively referred to as 'incretin' hormones, and play an important role in glucose homeostasis. Incretin secretion shares a complex interdependent relationship with both postprandial glycemia and the rate of gastric emptying. GLP-1 based therapies are now well established in the management of type 2 diabetes, while recent literature has suggested potential applications to treat obesity and protect against cardiovascular and neurological disease. The mechanism of action of GLP-2 is not well understood, but it shows promise as an intestinotropic agent.
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