Strengthening the expanded programme on immunization in Africa: looking beyond 2015

PLoS Med. 2013;10(3):e1001405. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001405. Epub 2013 Mar 19.


Shingai Machingaidze and colleagues reflect on the successes and shortfalls of the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) in Africa, and the considerable challenges that must now be addressed to improve immunization systems.

MeSH terms

  • Africa
  • Child
  • Geography
  • Humans
  • Immunization Programs*
  • Immunization*
  • Vaccines / immunology


  • Vaccines

Grants and funding

No direct funding was received for this study. The authors were personally salaried by their institutions during the period of writing (though no specific salary was set aside or given for the writing of this paper).