A kinematic human-walking model for the normal-gait-speed estimation using tri-axial acceleration signals at waist location

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2013 Aug;60(8):2271-9. doi: 10.1109/TBME.2013.2252345. Epub 2013 Mar 15.


This study aims at estimating the human walking speed using wearable accelerometers by proposing a novel virtual inverted pendulum model. This model not only keeps the important characteristics of both the biped rolling-foot and the inverted pendulum model, but also makes the speed estimation feasible using human body acceleration. Rather than using statistical methods, the proposed kinematic walking model enables calibration of the parameters during walking using only one tri-axial accelerometer on the waist that collects the user's body acceleration. In addition, this model also includes the effect of rotation of the waist within a walking cycle, which improves the estimation accuracy. Experimental results for a group of humans show a 0.58% absolute error mean and 0.72% error deviation, which is far better than the results of other known studies with accelerometers mounted on the upper body.

MeSH terms

  • Abdomen / physiology*
  • Acceleration*
  • Accelerometry / methods*
  • Actigraphy / methods*
  • Algorithms
  • Computer Simulation
  • Gait / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological*
  • Physical Exertion / physiology*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensitivity and Specificity