Running injuries - changing trends and demographics

Curr Sports Med Rep. Sep-Oct 2011;10(5):299-303. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0b013e31822d403f.


Running injuries are common. Recently the demographic has changed, in that most runners in road races are older and injuries now include those more common in master runners. In particular, Achilles/calf injuries, iliotibial band injury, meniscus injury, and muscle injuries to the hamstrings and quadriceps represent higher percentages of the overall injury mix in recent epidemiologic studies compared with earlier ones. Evidence suggests that running mileage and previous injury are important predictors of running injury. Evidence-based research now helps guide the treatment of iliotibial band, patellofemoral syndrome, and Achilles tendinopathy. The use of topical nitroglycerin in tendinopathy and orthotics for the treatment of patellofemoral syndrome has moderate to strong evidence. Thus, more current knowledge about the changing demographics of runners and the application of research to guide treatment and, eventually, prevent running injury offers hope that clinicians can help reduce the high morbidity associated with long-distance running.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Achilles Tendon / injuries
  • Compartment Syndromes / diagnosis
  • Compartment Syndromes / epidemiology
  • Compartment Syndromes / etiology
  • Compartment Syndromes / therapy
  • Fractures, Stress / diagnosis
  • Fractures, Stress / epidemiology
  • Fractures, Stress / etiology
  • Fractures, Stress / therapy
  • Global Health
  • Humans
  • Knee Injuries / diagnosis
  • Knee Injuries / epidemiology
  • Knee Injuries / etiology
  • Knee Injuries / therapy
  • Leg Injuries / diagnosis
  • Leg Injuries / epidemiology
  • Leg Injuries / etiology*
  • Leg Injuries / therapy
  • Muscle, Skeletal / injuries
  • Risk Factors
  • Running / injuries*
  • Tendon Injuries / diagnosis
  • Tendon Injuries / epidemiology
  • Tendon Injuries / etiology
  • Tendon Injuries / therapy
  • Tibial Fractures / diagnosis
  • Tibial Fractures / epidemiology
  • Tibial Fractures / etiology
  • Tibial Fractures / therapy