Characterization of protective immune responses induced by pneumococcal surface protein A in fusion with pneumolysin derivatives

PLoS One. 2013;8(3):e59605. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0059605. Epub 2013 Mar 22.

Abstract

Pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA) and Pneumolysin derivatives (Pds) are important vaccine candidates, which can confer protection in different models of pneumococcal infection. Furthermore, the combination of these two proteins was able to increase protection against pneumococcal sepsis in mice. The present study investigated the potential of hybrid proteins generated by genetic fusion of PspA fragments to Pds to increase cross-protection against fatal pneumococcal infection. Pneumolisoids were fused to the N-terminus of clade 1 or clade 2 pspA gene fragments. Mouse immunization with the fusion proteins induced high levels of antibodies against PspA and Pds, able to bind to intact pneumococci expressing a homologous PspA with the same intensity as antibodies to rPspA alone or the co-administered proteins. However, when antibody binding to pneumococci with heterologous PspAs was examined, antisera to the PspA-Pds fusion molecules showed stronger antibody binding and C3 deposition than antisera to co-administered proteins. In agreement with these results, antisera against the hybrid proteins were more effective in promoting the phagocytosis of bacteria bearing heterologous PspAs in vitro, leading to a significant reduction in the number of bacteria when compared to co-administered proteins. The respective antisera were also capable of neutralizing the lytic activity of Pneumolysin on sheep red blood cells. Finally, mice immunized with fusion proteins were protected against fatal challenge with pneumococcal strains expressing heterologous PspAs. Taken together, the results suggest that PspA-Pd fusion proteins comprise a promising vaccine strategy, able to increase the immune response mediated by cross-reactive antibodies and complement deposition to heterologous strains, and to confer protection against fatal challenge.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / immunology*
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines / genetics
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines / immunology*
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / immunology*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism*
  • Streptolysins / genetics
  • Streptolysins / immunology*
  • Streptolysins / metabolism*

Substances

  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Streptolysins
  • plY protein, Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • pneumococcal surface protein A

Grant support

This work was supported by FAPESP (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo) and Fundação Butantan. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript