Response evaluation criteria for solid tumours in dogs (v1.0): a Veterinary Cooperative Oncology Group (VCOG) consensus document

Vet Comp Oncol. 2015 Sep;13(3):176-83. doi: 10.1111/vco.12032. Epub 2013 Mar 28.


In veterinary medical oncology, there is currently no standardized protocol for assessing response to therapy in solid tumours. The lack of such a formalized guideline makes it challenging to critically compare outcome measures across various treatment protocols. The Veterinary Cooperative Oncology Group (VCOG) membership consensus document presented here is based on the recommendations of a subcommittee of American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) board-certified veterinary oncologists. This consensus paper has used the human response evaluation criteria in solid tumours (RECIST v1.1) as a framework to establish standard procedures for response assessment in canine solid tumours that is meant to be easy to use, repeatable and applicable across a variety of clinical trial structures in veterinary oncology. It is hoped that this new canine RECIST (cRECIST v1.0) will be adopted within the veterinary oncology community and thereby facilitate the comparison of current and future treatment protocols used for companion animals with cancer.

Keywords: chemotherapy; clinical trials; comparative oncology; imaging; oncology; small animal.

Publication types

  • Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Consensus
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Dog Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Dog Diseases / therapy*
  • Dogs
  • Humans
  • Medical Oncology
  • Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Neoplasms / therapy
  • Neoplasms / veterinary*
  • Veterinarians
  • Veterinary Medicine / standards*