Effects of multiple concussions on retired national hockey league players

J Sport Exerc Psychol. 2013 Apr;35(2):168-79. doi: 10.1123/jsep.35.2.168.


The purpose of this study was to understand the meanings and lived experiences of multiple concussions in professional hockey players using hermeneutic, idiographic, and inductive approaches within an interpretative phenomenological analysis. The interviewer was an athlete who had suffered multiple concussions, and the interviewees were five former National Hockey League athletes who had retired due to medically diagnosed concussions suffered during their careers. The men discussed the physical and psychological symptoms they experienced as a result of their concussions and how the symptoms affected their professional careers, personal relationships, and quality of life. The former professional athletes related these symptoms to the turmoil that is ever present in their lives. These findings are of interest to athletes, coaches, sport administrators, family members, sport psychology practitioners, and medical professionals, as they highlight the severity of short- and long-term effects of concussions.

MeSH terms

  • Brain Concussion / epidemiology*
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Hockey / injuries*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Qualitative Research
  • Quality of Life / psychology
  • Retirement / psychology*