Objective: We sought to identify potentially modifiable determinants associated with variability in leptomeningeal collateral status in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
Methods: Data are from the Keimyung Stroke Registry. Consecutive patients with M1 segment middle cerebral artery ± intracranial internal carotid artery occlusions on baseline computed tomographic angiography (CTA) from May 2004 to July 2009 were included. Baseline and follow-up imaging was analyzed blinded to all clinical information. Two raters assessed leptomeningeal collaterals on baseline CTA by consensus, using a previously validated regional leptomeningeal score (rLMC).
Results: Baseline characteristics (N = 206) were: mean age = 66.9 ± 11.6 years, median baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale = 14 (interquartile range [IQR] = 11-20), and median time from stroke symptom onset to CTA = 166 minutes (IQR = 96-262). Poor collateral status at baseline (rLMC score = 0-10) was seen in 73 of 206 patients (35.4%). On univariate analyses, patients with poor collateral status at baseline were older; were hypertensive; had higher white blood cell count, blood glucose, D-dimer, and serum uric acid levels; and were more likely to have metabolic syndrome. Multivariate modeling identified metabolic syndrome (odds ratio [OR] = 3.22, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.69-6.15, p < 0.001), hyperuricemia (per 1mg/dl serum uric acid; OR = 1.35, 95% CI = 1.12-1.62, p < 0.01), and older age (per 10 years; OR = 1.34, 95% CI = 1.02-1.77, p = 0.03) as independent predictors of poor leptomeningeal collateral status at baseline.
Interpretation: Metabolic syndrome, hyperuricemia, and age are associated with poor leptomeningeal collateral status in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
© 2013 American Neurological Association.