Co-existence of HIV, active tuberculosis and aspergilloma in a single individual--a case report

Indian J Tuberc. 2013 Jan;60(1):55-8.


Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease as old as mankind, whereas in India the first case of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) was reported in 1986. HIV and TB are so closely connected that their relationship is often described as a co-epidemic. Aspergilloma (Fungal Ball, Mycetoma) represents a saprophytic growth of aspergillus that colonizes in the preformed cavities commonly due to pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). We report a case of HIV, active pulmonary tuberculosis and aspergilloma occurring in the same patient. Despite our best efforts, we could not lay our hands on any similar case in the medical literature.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aspergillus / isolation & purification
  • Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / microbiology
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • HIV / immunology*
  • HIV Antibodies / analysis
  • HIV Infections / complications*
  • HIV Infections / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis / isolation & purification
  • Pulmonary Aspergillosis / complications*
  • Pulmonary Aspergillosis / diagnosis
  • Radiography, Thoracic
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / complications*
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / diagnosis


  • HIV Antibodies