Cosmetic outcomes of laparoendoscopic single-site hysterectomy compared with multi-port surgery: randomized controlled trial

J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2013 Jul-Aug;20(4):460-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jmig.2013.01.010. Epub 2013 Mar 26.


Study objective: To compare cosmetic satisfaction with laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) compared with multi-port surgery.

Design: Randomized controlled trial (Canadian Task Force classification I).

Setting: University hospital.

Patients: Twenty women who underwent laparoscopically-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) via LESS or multi-port surgery.

Interventions: Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery or multi-port surgery.

Measurement and main results: Cosmetic satisfaction was assessed using the Body Image Questionnaire at baseline and at 1, 4, and 24 weeks after surgery. Of the 20 LESS procedures, 1 was converted to multi-port surgery because of severe adhesions, and 1 woman assigned to undergo multi-port surgery was lost to follow-up. The 2 surgery groups did not differ in clinical demographic data and surgical results or postoperative pain scores at 12, 24, and 36 hours. Compared with the multi-port group, the LESS group reported significantly higher cosmetic satisfaction at 1, 4, and 24 weeks after surgery (p < .01).

Conclusion: Compared with multi-port surgery, LESS is not only a feasible approach with comparable operative outcomes but also has an advantage insofar as cosmetic outcome.

Keywords: Cosmetic; LESS; Laparoscopy; Satisfaction.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Body Image*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysterectomy, Vaginal / methods*
  • Laparoscopy / methods*
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Satisfaction*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome