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, 24 (5), 351-63

Hazard Evaluation Support System (HESS) for Predicting Repeated Dose Toxicity Using Toxicological Categories

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Hazard Evaluation Support System (HESS) for Predicting Repeated Dose Toxicity Using Toxicological Categories

Y Sakuratani et al. SAR QSAR Environ Res.

Abstract

Repeated dose toxicity (RDT) is one of the most important hazard endpoints in the risk assessment of chemicals. However, due to the complexity of the endpoints associated with whole body assessment, it is difficult to build up a mechanistically transparent structure-activity model. The category approach, based on mechanism information, is considered to be an effective approach for data gap filling for RDT by read-across. Therefore, a library of toxicological categories was developed using experimental RDT data for 500 chemicals and mechanistic knowledge of the effects of these chemicals on different organs. As a result, 33 categories were defined for 14 types of toxicity, such as hepatotoxicity, hemolytic anemia, etc. This category library was then incorporated in the Hazard Evaluation Support System (HESS) integrated computational platform to provide mechanistically reasonable predictions of RDT values for untested chemicals. This article describes the establishment of a category library and the associated HESS functions used to facilitate the mechanistically reasonable grouping of chemicals and their subsequent read-across.

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