Background: The risk factors for sensitisation to rice and the involved allergens are still partially unknown. In this study we evaluated the clinically relevant aspects of rice allergy in DBPCF-positive patients, the major rice allergens, the severity of peach- and rice-induced symptoms in respect to Pru p 3 sensitisation and the role of anti-rPru p 3 IgE levels as a risk factor for rice allergy.
Methods: In 148 peach-allergic subjects, patients with allergic reactions to rice and rice-positive serum IgE were selected. Symptoms were verified by double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFCs), performed at a maximum dosage of 25 g. Rice allergens, identified by IgE immunoblotting, were characterised by N-terminal amino acid sequencing. The relationship between anti-rPru p 3, 1 and 4 IgE levels and rice symptoms were statistically analysed.
Results: Eight out of 10 recruited rice-allergic patients had positive DBPCFCs, while 2 patients were not challenged due to their previously documented severe reactions. All patients with rice-induced symptoms were Pru p 3 positive and presented with higher anti-rPru p 3 levels than the rice-sensitised but tolerant patients. A 9-kDa lipid transfer protein, which was highly homologous to Pru p 3, was identified as the major rice allergen and elicited a positive response in all of the patients. Five patients reacted to a putative 15- to 17-kDa rice allergenic protein, and 3 patients reacted to an [alpha]-amylase/subtilisin inhibitor that was approximately 20 kDa.
Conclusion: Rarely, allergic reactions to rice can arise in patients with peach allergies who are sensitised to Pru p 3, particularly in patients with high anti-rPru p 3 IgE levels.
Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.