Objectives: Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been used to provide cardiopulmonary support in critically ill infants and children. Recently, dual-lumen venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has gained popularity in the pediatric population. Herein, we report our institutional experience using a bicaval dual-lumen catheter for pediatric venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support, which has been our unified approach for venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation since 2009.
Design: This study is a retrospective review.
Setting: The setting is a tertiary children's hospital in a major metropolitan area.
Patients: Between 2009 and 2011, 11 patients were cannulated using a dual-lumen bicaval venous catheter. Patient demographics, cannulation details, circuit complications, complications of catheter use, and patient outcomes were collected from a retrospective chart review.
Measurements and main results: Eleven of the patients were cannulated for venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation using the dual-lumen bicaval cannula. The median age at the time of venovenous cannulation was 1.9 years (range, 0.14-17.1), and the median weight was 10.2 kg (range, 3-84). Three patients (27%) required conversion to venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. The median duration of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support was 10 days (2-38 days). Fifty-five percent of patients suffered from a bleeding complication (disseminated intravascular coagulation, pulmonary hemorrhage, or intraventricular hemorrhage), and 45% had a circuit complication. Adequate flow rates were achieved in all patients. The overall hospital mortality in the series was 55%. There were no cannula-related complications.
Conclusions: This review presents the first single-institution experience with the dual-lumen Avalon cannula in pediatric patients. Preliminary results indicate that the catheter can be safely placed and has an acceptable complication profile; however, continued study within larger trials is necessary to fully ascertain the clinical profile of this catheter.