Background: Retrospective evaluation of long-term effectiveness of the steroid injections treatment in patients with unicameral bone cysts (UBC).
Methods: From January 1993 to April 2005, 23 children affected by proximal humeral UBC were evaluated according to the Neer-Cole classification system and treated with serial methylprednisolone acetate's injections. The patients were followed up at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months and then every year until the adolescence.
Results: After treatment, in 15 out of 23 patients (65.2%), the humeral cysts were referred, respectively, as Grade 1 and in four as Grade 2. In 4 patients, a refracture occurred. Statistical analysis showed an overall good response in 82.6% of patients at the end of the follow-up. Minor complication including skin discoloration accounted for 13.04%.
Conclusions: The steroid injections showed to be an alternative excellent treatment for UBC, with complete healing of the lesions in the majority of cases. This procedure is not expensive, mini-invasive, with low surgical risk and short hospitalization.