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Multicenter Study
. 2013 Jul;77(4):277-87.
doi: 10.1111/ahg.12021. Epub 2013 Apr 2.

Genome-wide Association Study of Pre-Eclampsia Detects Novel Maternal Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms and Copy-Number Variants in Subsets of the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) Study Cohort

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Free PMC article
Multicenter Study

Genome-wide Association Study of Pre-Eclampsia Detects Novel Maternal Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms and Copy-Number Variants in Subsets of the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) Study Cohort

Linlu Zhao et al. Ann Hum Genet. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

A genome-wide association study was undertaken to identify maternal single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and copy-number variants (CNVs) associated with pre-eclampsia. Case-control analysis was performed on 1070 Afro-Caribbean (n = 21 cases and 1049 controls) and 723 Hispanic (n = 62 cases and 661 controls) mothers and 1257 mothers of European ancestry (n = 50 cases and 1207 controls) from the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome (HAPO) study. European ancestry subjects were genotyped on Illumina Human610-Quad and Afro-Caribbean and Hispanic subjects were genotyped on Illumina Human1M-Duo BeadChip microarrays. Genome-wide SNP data were analyzed using PLINK. CNVs were called using three detection algorithms (GNOSIS, PennCNV, and QuantiSNP), merged using CNVision, and then screened using stringent criteria. SNP and CNV findings were compared to those of the Study of Pregnancy Hypertension in Iowa (SOPHIA), an independent pre-eclampsia case-control dataset of Caucasian mothers (n = 177 cases and 116 controls). A list of top SNPs were identified for each of the HAPO ethnic groups, but none reached Bonferroni-corrected significance. Novel candidate CNVs showing enrichment among pre-eclampsia cases were also identified in each of the three ethnic groups. Several variants were suggestively replicated in SOPHIA. The discovered SNPs and copy-number variable regions present interesting candidate genetic variants for pre-eclampsia that warrant further replication and investigation.

Keywords: Copy‐number variant; genome‐wide association study; microarray analysis; pre‐eclampsia; single nucleotide polymorphism.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1. UCSC Genome Browser plot of the copy-number deletion at chr9:1.490–1.503 Mb identified in HAPO subjects of European ancestry
The vertical black lines indicate the minimal region of overlap of merged calls across all subjects harboring the deletion. Each red horizontal bar represents the length and breakpoints of a merged deletion call detected in either PE cases or controls in HAPO subjects of European ancestry. Exact CNV breakpoints are unknown.
Figure 2
Figure 2. Representative LRR and BAF plots for a genomic region called as a heterozygous deletion
LRR and BAF values for each probe are represented as dots. The algorithm-detected deletion is encompassed between the two vertical grey bars (chr3:152.998–153.028 Mb). LRR values for the SNP and copy-number probes drop to the −0.5 region and BAF values for the SNP probes cluster around 0 or 1 within the deleted region (red dots). LRR values of the bordering copy-normal chromosomal regions bunch around zero and BAF values segregate to three clusters (blue dots).

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