Rules of engagement: distinct functions for the four class I PI3K catalytic isoforms in immunity

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2013 Mar;1280:24-6. doi: 10.1111/nyas.12027.

Abstract

Mammalian cells can express up to four different class I phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) isoforms, each of which is engaged by tyrosine kinases or G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) to generate the second messenger signaling molecule PtdIns(3,4,5)P₃ (PIP₃). The p110α and p110β isoforms are relatively widely expressed, whereas p110γ and p110δ are more highly expressed in cells of the immune system than in other cell types. Nevertheless, each of the four class I PI3Ks have been shown to participate in the orchestration of the signaling events that lead to immune cell development and control of gene expression, skewing toward individual cell lineage subsets and proliferation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biocatalysis
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Lineage
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Class I Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • Immunity
  • Isoenzymes / metabolism
  • Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates / metabolism
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction / immunology*

Substances

  • Isoenzymes
  • Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate
  • Class I Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases