An improved tool for household faeces management in rural Bangladeshi communities

Trop Med Int Health. 2013 Jul;18(7):854-60. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12103. Epub 2013 Apr 5.


Objective: To explore child defecation and faeces management practices in rural Bangladesh with the aim to redesign and pilot a tool to facilitate removal and disposal of faeces.

Methods: We conducted six group discussions, six short interviews and three observations of practices and designed the new tool. We piloted the new tool and elicited feedback through two in-depth interviews and two observations.

Results: Until three years of age, a child commonly defecates in the courtyard and occasionally inside the house. A heavy digging hoe was commonly used to remove child faeces. Mothers preferred a redesigned 'mini-hoe' and found it easier to use for removal and disposal of liquid faeces.

Conclusions: Promoting modified local tools may contribute to improving environmental sanitation and health.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bangladesh
  • Child, Preschool
  • Defecation*
  • Family Characteristics*
  • Feces*
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Mothers
  • Observation
  • Rural Population
  • Sanitary Engineering / instrumentation
  • Sanitary Engineering / methods*