Anxiety as a consequence of modern dietary pattern in adults in Tehran--Iran

Eat Behav. 2013 Apr;14(2):107-12. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2012.12.007. Epub 2013 Jan 9.


Food intake patterns in relation to mental health have already been revealed. To investigate the relationship between processed food consumption behavior and anxiety disorder, a cross sectional study was conducted. Overall, 1782 young adults aged 18-35 years were randomly selected using cluster sampling method from 22 districts of Tehran-Iran in 2011. Diet assessment was done using a 24 hour recall questionnaire in two times with a week interval. Anxiety level was determined using the validated Speilburger test (Persian version). A proportional odds regression model was used to assess the effect of processed food consumption on anxiety variables. A significant statistical difference was found between men and women in terms of processed food consumption (p<0.001). Adjusting for age, total calorie intake, gender, body mass index, socioeconomic status, and history of sedative drug consumption as well as mental health disorders, the proportional odds regression model showed a significant relationship between increased consumption of processed foods and anxiety (OR=4.73, 95% CI: 2.89-12.54 for state and OR=4.91, 95% CI: 2.88-13.99 for trait). Identification, modification and adjusting incorrect food patterns in the community could be considered as valuable steps to turn down nutritional-based health difficulties.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anxiety Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Fast Foods / statistics & numerical data
  • Feeding Behavior / psychology*
  • Female
  • Food / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Iran / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Micronutrients
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult


  • Micronutrients