Objective: To assess and characterize the temporal variation in ovarian cancer incidence and mortality by age within countries in the Americas, Europe, Asia, and Oceania.
Methods/materials: Data from the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program in the United States (U.S.) were used to assess ovarian cancer incidence rates (1998-2008) and mortality rates, (1988-2007 for 12-month survival, 1988-2006 for 24-month survival, and 1988-2003 for 60-month survival), stratified by age at diagnosis. Data from GLOBOCAN were used to calculate country-specific incidence rates for 2010 and 2020 and case-fatality rates for 2010.
Results: A statistically significant decrease in Annual Percent Change (APC) of ovarian cancer incidence was observed in the U.S. for all women (-1.03%), among women who were diagnosed at <65 years of age (-1.09%) and among women who were diagnosed at ≥65 years of age (-0.95%). There was a statistically significant increase in the observed APC for survival at 12-months (0.19%), 24-months (0.58%), and 60-months (0.72%) for all women; however, 5-year survival for advanced stage (III or IV) disease was low at less than 50% for women <65 years and less than 30% for women ≥65 years. Global results showed a wide range in ovarian cancer incidence rates, with China exhibiting the lowest rates and the Russian Federation and the United Kingdom exhibiting the highest rates.
Conclusions: Ovarian cancer survival has shown modest improvement from a statistical perspective in the U.S. However, it is difficult to ascertain how clinically relevant these improvements are at the population or patient level.
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