Electrospun human keratin matrices as templates for tissue regeneration

Nanomedicine (Lond). 2013 Apr;8(4):531-41. doi: 10.2217/nnm.13.38.


Aim: The aim of this work was to study the feasibility of fabricating human hair keratin matrices through electrospinning and to evaluate the potential of these matrices for tissue regeneration.

Materials & methods: Keratin was extracted from human hair using Na2S and blended with poly(ethylene oxide) in the weight ratio of 60:1 for electrospinning. Physical morphology and chemical properties of the matrices were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, respectively. Cell viability and morphology of murine and human fibroblasts cultured on the matrices were evaluated through the Live/Dead(®) assay and scanning electron microscopy.

Results: Electrospun keratin matrices were successfully produced without affecting the chemical conformation of keratin. Fibroblasts cultured on keratin matrices showed healthy morphology and penetration into matrices at day 7.

Conclusion: Electrospun human hair keratin matrices provide a bioinductive and structural environment for cell growth and are thus attractive as alternative templates for tissue regeneration.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Survival / physiology
  • Fibroblasts / cytology*
  • Fibroblasts / ultrastructure
  • Humans
  • Keratins / chemistry*
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Polyesters / chemistry
  • Tissue Engineering / methods*


  • Polyesters
  • Keratins