Background/objectives: To assess the efficacy and safety of pancreatin (pancrelipase) enteric-coated minimicrospheres (MMS) over a one-year period in patients with pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) due to chronic pancreatitis (CP).
Methods: This was a 51-week, open-label extension (OLE) of a one-week, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in India that enrolled patients ≥18 years of age with confirmed PEI due to CP. Patients received pancreatin (Creon(®) 40000 MMS™) at a dose of 80,000 Ph. Eur. lipase units with each of three main meals/day and 40,000 with each of up to three snacks/day.
Results: Of 61 patients entering the OLE, 48 completed treatment (nine were lost to follow up, two withdrew consent, one discontinued due to adverse event [acute exacerbation of CP], one protocol violation). There were significant improvements from baseline to end of OLE in mean ± SD coefficient of fat absorption (CFA: 22.7 ± 12.2%), coefficient of nitrogen absorption (CNA: 6.5 ± 7.9%), body weight (4.9 ± 4.9 kg), BMI (1.9 ± 1.9 kg/m(2)), and most nutritional laboratory parameters tested (p ≤ 0.001). Mean daily stool frequency was reduced from 2.8 to 1.6 (p < 0.001). Improvements in clinical symptoms, clinical global impression of disease symptoms, and quality of life were also observed. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were observed in 64% of patients overall. Only 13% of patients experienced TEAEs judged treatment related.
Conclusions: In patients with PEI due to CP, treatment with pancreatin for one year was associated with significant improvements in fat absorption, nitrogen absorption, and nutritional parameters, improvements in clinical symptoms, and a favorable safety and tolerability profile.
Copyright © 2013 IAP and EPC. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.