A 51-week, open-label clinical trial in India to assess the efficacy and safety of pancreatin 40000 enteric-coated minimicrospheres in patients with pancreatic exocrine insufficiency due to chronic pancreatitis

Pancreatology. Mar-Apr 2013;13(2):133-9. doi: 10.1016/j.pan.2013.01.009. Epub 2013 Feb 5.

Abstract

Background/objectives: To assess the efficacy and safety of pancreatin (pancrelipase) enteric-coated minimicrospheres (MMS) over a one-year period in patients with pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) due to chronic pancreatitis (CP).

Methods: This was a 51-week, open-label extension (OLE) of a one-week, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in India that enrolled patients ≥18 years of age with confirmed PEI due to CP. Patients received pancreatin (Creon(®) 40000 MMS™) at a dose of 80,000 Ph. Eur. lipase units with each of three main meals/day and 40,000 with each of up to three snacks/day.

Results: Of 61 patients entering the OLE, 48 completed treatment (nine were lost to follow up, two withdrew consent, one discontinued due to adverse event [acute exacerbation of CP], one protocol violation). There were significant improvements from baseline to end of OLE in mean ± SD coefficient of fat absorption (CFA: 22.7 ± 12.2%), coefficient of nitrogen absorption (CNA: 6.5 ± 7.9%), body weight (4.9 ± 4.9 kg), BMI (1.9 ± 1.9 kg/m(2)), and most nutritional laboratory parameters tested (p ≤ 0.001). Mean daily stool frequency was reduced from 2.8 to 1.6 (p < 0.001). Improvements in clinical symptoms, clinical global impression of disease symptoms, and quality of life were also observed. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were observed in 64% of patients overall. Only 13% of patients experienced TEAEs judged treatment related.

Conclusions: In patients with PEI due to CP, treatment with pancreatin for one year was associated with significant improvements in fat absorption, nitrogen absorption, and nutritional parameters, improvements in clinical symptoms, and a favorable safety and tolerability profile.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Drug Delivery Systems
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India
  • Male
  • Microspheres*
  • Middle Aged
  • Pancreatin / administration & dosage
  • Pancreatin / adverse effects*
  • Pancreatin / therapeutic use*
  • Pancreatitis, Chronic / drug therapy*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Pancreatin