The fibroblast as a therapeutic target in rheumatoid arthritis

Curr Opin Pharmacol. 2013 Jun;13(3):413-9. doi: 10.1016/j.coph.2013.02.006. Epub 2013 Apr 3.


Significant advances have been made in the last 5 years that have finally allowed investigators to start targeting stromal cells such as fibroblasts in inflammatory disease. Rheumatoid arthritis is a prototype inflammatory disease, in which fibroblasts maintain the persistence of inflammation in the joint underpinned by a unique pathological phenotype driven by multiple epigenetic modifications. The step changes that are enabling the development of such therapies are an improved understanding of the mechanisms by which fibroblasts mediate persistence and the discovery of new markers that identify discrete functional subsets of fibroblast cells that have potential as disease-specific therapeutic targets.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / immunology
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / pathology*
  • Fibroblasts / immunology
  • Fibroblasts / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Synovial Membrane / immunology
  • Synovial Membrane / pathology*