Cell cycle control across the eukaryotic kingdom

Trends Cell Biol. 2013 Jul;23(7):345-56. doi: 10.1016/j.tcb.2013.03.002. Epub 2013 Apr 6.


Almost two billion years of evolution have generated a vast and amazing variety of eukaryotic life with approximately 8.7 million extant species. Growth and reproduction of all of these organisms depend on faithful duplication and distribution of their chromosomes to the newly forming daughter cells in a process called the cell cycle. However, most of what is known today about cell cycle control comes from a few model species that belong to the unikonts; that is, to only one of five 'supergroups' that comprise the eukaryotic kingdom. Recently, analyzing species from distantly related clades is providing insights into general principles of cell cycle regulation and shedding light on its evolution. Here, referring to animal and fungal as opposed to non-unikont systems, especially flowering plants from the archaeplastid supergroup, we compare the conservation of central cell cycle regulator functions, the structure of network topologies, and the evolutionary dynamics of substrates of core cell cycle kinases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biological Evolution*
  • Cell Cycle / genetics
  • Cell Cycle / physiology*
  • Cell Cycle Checkpoints / genetics
  • Cell Cycle Checkpoints / physiology*
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases / classification
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases / genetics
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases / metabolism
  • Cyclins / classification
  • Cyclins / genetics
  • Cyclins / metabolism
  • Eukaryotic Cells / classification
  • Eukaryotic Cells / metabolism
  • Eukaryotic Cells / physiology*
  • Gene Regulatory Networks
  • Humans
  • Phylogeny


  • Cyclins
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases