Influence of approaching tram on behaviour of pedestrians in signalised crosswalks in Poland

Accid Anal Prev. 2013 Jun;55:185-91. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2013.03.015. Epub 2013 Mar 16.


Research done in two Polish cities has uncovered an influence of an approaching tram on pedestrian behaviour. The measurements were done by counting pedestrians waiting for a green signal, crossing on red signal safely, or crossing on red signal taking a risk of being hit by a car, differentiating between pedestrians attempting to board a public transport vehicle and other pedestrians. It was expected, that pedestrian behaviour might be influenced by traffic control predictability, therefore two cities were chosen for the task: Wrocław with fixed time traffic control and Poznań with a majority of traffic responsive traffic signals. Data from the measurements was compared in order to find behaviour patterns - the comparison led to a conclusion, that an attempt to get on board of an incoming public transport vehicle can be a major cause for pedestrians to violate a red signal, including an increase of unsafe behaviour. These pedestrians may provoke other pedestrians to cross on a red signal. On the other hand if traffic control guarantees boarding the public transport vehicle, passengers-to-be may be even more obedient than other pedestrians.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic / prevention & control*
  • Attention
  • Choice Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Motor Vehicles
  • Poland
  • Railroads
  • Risk-Taking*
  • Walking / psychology*