Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
. 2013 Aug;37(7):1297-310.
doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2013.03.023. Epub 2013 Apr 6.

Prediction Error in Reinforcement Learning: A Meta-Analysis of Neuroimaging Studies

Affiliations
Review

Prediction Error in Reinforcement Learning: A Meta-Analysis of Neuroimaging Studies

Jane Garrison et al. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. .

Erratum in

  • Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2014 Nov;47:754

Abstract

Activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analyses were used to examine the neural correlates of prediction error in reinforcement learning. The findings are interpreted in the light of current computational models of learning and action selection. In this context, particular consideration is given to the comparison of activation patterns from studies using instrumental and Pavlovian conditioning, and where reinforcement involved rewarding or punishing feedback. The striatum was the key brain area encoding for prediction error, with activity encompassing dorsal and ventral regions for instrumental and Pavlovian reinforcement alike, a finding which challenges the functional separation of the striatum into a dorsal 'actor' and a ventral 'critic'. Prediction error activity was further observed in diverse areas of predominantly anterior cerebral cortex including medial prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex. Distinct patterns of prediction error activity were found for studies using rewarding and aversive reinforcers; reward prediction errors were observed primarily in the striatum while aversive prediction errors were found more widely including insula and habenula.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 89 articles

See all "Cited by" articles
Feedback