Aims: The present study evaluated a comparative and combined hepatoprotective effect of atorvastatin (AS) and ferulic acid (F) against high fat diet (HFD) induced oxidative stress in terms of hyperlipidemia, anti-oxidative status, lipid peroxidation and inflammation.
Main methods: Male Swiss albino mice were given a diet containing high fat (H) (23.9% wt/wt), supplemented with AS (10mg/kg) or F (100mg/kg) and both (10 and 100mg/kg) for 8weeks. The control mice (C) were fed with normal diet.
Key findings: The H mice exhibited increased body weight; hyperlipidemia; serum level of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6); hepatic lipid profile; lipid accumulation; reactive oxygen species (ROS) of hepatocytes, lipid peroxidation and liver antioxidant capacity was decreased. Immunofluorescent and Western blot assay revealed activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway. The addition of F or AS and both in the diet significantly counteracted HFD induced body weight gain; hyperlipidemia; TNF-α, IL-6; hepatic lipid profile; fatty infiltration; NF-κB signaling pathway; ROS; lipid peroxidation and moreover elevated levels of hepatic antioxidant enzymes activity were observed.
Significance: Simultaneous treatment with AS, F and their combination protected against HFD induced weight gain and oxidative stress. The protection may be attributed to the hypolipidemic and free radical scavenging activity of AS or F and their combination. This study illustrates that AS and F have relatively similar hypolipidemic, antioxidative, anti-inflammatory actions and the AS+F combination along with HFD has shown outstanding effects as compared to other treated groups.
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