Symptoms of major depression among Mexican-Americans and non-Hispanic whites

Am J Psychiatry. 1990 Jul;147(7):861-6. doi: 10.1176/ajp.147.7.861.


The lifetime prevalence of symptoms of a major depressive episode was estimated in two large samples of randomly selected community residents that included many Mexican-Americans. Approximately 5% to 40% of the subjects reported each symptom cluster. The rates for Mexican-Americans born in the United States resembled those for non-Hispanic whites born in the United States; however, the rates for Mexican-Americans born in Mexico were lower in eight of nine symptoms clusters. Language differences did not account for this pattern. Cultural similarity to non-Hispanic whites born in the United States was associated with a higher rate of depressive symptoms.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cluster Analysis
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depressive Disorder / diagnosis*
  • Depressive Disorder / epidemiology
  • Depressive Disorder / ethnology
  • Emigration and Immigration
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / psychology
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Hispanic Americans / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Language
  • Los Angeles
  • Male
  • Mexico / ethnology
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • United States / ethnology