Pharmacokinetic evaluation of erythromycin and caffeine administered with bromocriptine

Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1990 Jun;47(6):694-7. doi: 10.1038/clpt.1990.95.


A study was performed to determine if the pharmacokinetics of bromocriptine is altered by factors that have been shown to interact with other ergot compounds. The effects on bromocriptine plasma concentrations by bromocriptine coadministration with caffeine and erythromycin were evaluated in five male volunteers. Serial blood samples were obtained during a 12-hour period after a single 5 mg oral dose of bromocriptine (alone and after 4-day treatments of either erythromycin estolate, 250 mg four times/day, or caffeine, 200 mg four times/day). There were no significant alterations of bromocriptine pharmacokinetic parameters after caffeine, although statistical power was very low. With the use of erythromycin, the bromocriptine area under the concentration-time curve standardized to body weight increased significantly by 268%, whereas peak bromocriptine plasma concentration (Cmax) increased to 4.6 times the Cmax from bromocriptine alone. Time to achieve Cmax was not altered by erythromycin. We conclude that erythromycin can markedly increase the systemic bioavailability of bromocriptine, which can lead to increased therapeutic or adverse effects, whereas the effects of caffeine require further study.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bromocriptine / pharmacokinetics*
  • Caffeine / administration & dosage
  • Caffeine / pharmacology*
  • Drug Interactions
  • Erythromycin / administration & dosage
  • Erythromycin / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged


  • Bromocriptine
  • Caffeine
  • Erythromycin