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, 45 (10), 852-8

Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Child-Pugh B Patients

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Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Child-Pugh B Patients

Fabio Piscaglia et al. Dig Liver Dis.

Abstract

Background: The frequency with which patients in Child-Pugh B having hepatocellular carcinoma are treated following the international guidelines according to the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stages is unknown.

Aims: To investigate treatment allocation for Child-Pugh B patients in different tumour stages, with particular interest in the intermediate stage.

Methods: Patients were retrospectively identified from a consecutively collected series. Treatment was carried out primarily according to the guidelines.

Results: Of 86 Child-Pugh B patients, 45 were Barcelona early stage, of which the Child-Pugh scores were 46.7% B7, 33.3% B8, 20.0% B9; 27 patients were intermediate stage (B7 59.3%, B8 37.0% and B9 3.7% respectively), 12 were advanced (41.7% B7, 25.0% B8 and 33.3% B9) and 2 were terminal (both B9). In the intermediate stage, transarterial chemoembolization (or ablation) was performed in 68.8% of the Child-Pugh B7 patients, 50% of the B8 patients and 0% of the B9 patients. Median survival of the intermediate patients was 8.0 months (9.0 in B7 vs. 6.0 in -B8/B9, P=0.048). Survival of the intermediate stage patients undergoing chemoembolisation was 22.0 months in Child-Pugh B7 and 6.0 in B8.

Conclusions: Approximately half of the intermediate stage patients can undergo locoregional treatment with good survival when in the Child-Pugh B7. The Child-Pugh numeric score impacts survival, suggesting that this tumour stage be refined.

Keywords: Hepatocellular carcinoma; Liver function; Transarterial chemoembolisation; Tumour staging systems.

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