Two novel isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase gene mutations in a Chinese infant

Gene. 2013 Jul 25;524(2):396-400. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2013.03.139. Epub 2013 Apr 12.


Isovaleric acidemia (IVA) is a rare inherited metabolic disease caused by a deficiency in isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase (IVD). Newborn screening with tandem mass spectrometry leads to early identification of individuals with risk of IVA. The family specific mutations are useful for prenatal diagnosis. Molecular genetic analysis helps to further confirm the clinical diagnosis of IVA. We describe here the clinical and metabolic features of a Chinese infant with early onset IVA. Sequence analysis of the IVD gene identifies compound heterozygous mutations in this patient, c.39G>A (p.W13X) nonsense mutation and c.597C>G (p.I199 M) missense mutation, both of which are previously unreported. Structural analyses suggest that the p.I199 M missense mutation may destabilize the IVD monomer structure and affect the interaction between IVD and flavin adenine dinucleotide. Both the clinical and genetic features of this patient help to further expand our knowledge of IVA.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors / genetics*
  • Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors / metabolism
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Asian People / genetics
  • Enzyme Stability
  • Female
  • Flavin-Adenine Dinucleotide / metabolism*
  • Flavins / metabolism
  • Heterozygote
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Isovaleryl-CoA Dehydrogenase / deficiency
  • Isovaleryl-CoA Dehydrogenase / genetics*
  • Isovaleryl-CoA Dehydrogenase / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation, Missense*
  • Protein Interaction Mapping


  • Flavins
  • Flavin-Adenine Dinucleotide
  • isoalloxazine
  • Isovaleryl-CoA Dehydrogenase

Supplementary concepts

  • Acidemia, isovaleric