Successful aging among assisted living community older adults

J Nurs Scholarsh. 2013 Sep;45(3):238-46. doi: 10.1111/jnu.12027. Epub 2013 Apr 16.


Purpose: This study investigated the suitability of using the Successful Aging Inventory (SAI) in an effort to describe successful aging among older adults currently living in assisted living communities (ALCs) and to further assess some of the characteristics of successful aging in this group.

Design: This study used a cross-sectional descriptive quantitative research design. Recruitment garnered 200 participants 65 years of age or older from eight ALCs in North Carolina.

Methods: Screening was done using the Mini-Cog; instrumentation was composed of the SAI, Purpose in Life Test, Life Satisfaction Inventory-A, and Centers for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale.

Findings: Among the differences were those influenced by gender, with females tending to score higher on successful aging (p < .004).

Conclusions: This research demonstrated that successful aging does exist in ALC residents.

Clinical relevance: The size of the older adult population will proliferate dramatically during the next two decades. Many of these individuals will find themselves living in ALCs; therefore, it is important to continue to strive to understand what successful aging looks like in these individuals in order to adopt meaningful practices and interventions aimed at eliciting successful aging responses in those living in these communities.

Keywords: Successful Aging Inventory; Successful aging; assisted living community; elderly; older adults; psychometric measurement; quality of life; residential care.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Achievement*
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging* / physiology
  • Aging* / psychology
  • Assisted Living Facilities*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • North Carolina
  • Psychological Theory
  • Psychometrics
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*