Background: Knowledge of the role of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), particularly its soluble form (sRAGE), and of its advanced glycation end product (AGE) ligand, N-(carboxymethyl)lysine adducts (CML), is limited in chronic heart failure (CHF) and in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We evaluated whether the AGE/RAGE system is activated in stable CHF and COPD, and whether plasma sRAGE and CML levels are affected by clinical and functional parameters.
Materials and methods: We measured plasma levels of sRAGE and CML using a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 143 subjects, aged ≥ 65 years, divided into five groups: 58 with CHF, 23 with COPD, 27 with CHF+COPD and 35 controls (17 healthy smokers and 18 healthy nonsmokers). Individuals with diabetes were excluded from the study.
Results: Plasma levels of sRAGE and CML were higher in CHF patients than in controls [sRAGE: 0.48 (0.37-0.83) vs. 0.42 (0.29-0.52) ng/mL, P = 0.01; CML: 1.95 (1.58-2.38) vs. 1.68 (1.43-2.00) ng/mL, P = 0.01]. By contrast, sRAGE and CML were not different between both COPD and CHF+COPD patients and controls (P > 0.05). N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (Nt-pro BNP) correlated with sRAGE, but not with CML, in the patient groups: CHF (r = 0.43, P < 0.001), COPD (r = 0.77, P < 0.0001) and CHF/COPD (r = 0.43, P = 0.003).
Conclusions: Plasma levels of sRAGE and CML are increased in CHF, but not in COPD patients. The robust association between NT-pro BNP, a diagnostic and prognostic marker in CHF, and sRAGE concentrations might suggest a possible BNP pathway of amplification of inflammation via the AGE/RAGE system.
© 2013 Stichting European Society for Clinical Investigation Journal Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.