Pathologic comparison of asymmetric or sulcus fixation of 3-piece intraocular lenses with square versus round anterior optic edges

Ophthalmology. 2013 Aug;120(8):1580-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2013.01.029. Epub 2013 Apr 16.


Objective: To evaluate the pathologic findings of 3-piece intraocular lenses (IOLs) with asymmetric or sulcus fixation in pseudophakic cadaver eyes, comparing IOLs with square or round edges on the anterior optic surface.

Design: Comparative case series with pathology.

Participants: A total of 661 pseudophakic cadaver eyes, obtained from eye banks within the United States, implanted with different IOLs.

Methods: Anterior segment scanning of whole eyes with a high-frequency ultrasound system or high-resolution anterior segment magnetic resonance imaging followed by gross examination. Selected eyes were processed for complete histopathologic analysis.

Main outcome measures: Findings from imaging, gross, and histopathologic evaluation that could be related to out-of-the-bag fixation of the lenses.

Results: Of 661 pseudophakic cadaver eyes obtained, 13 had 3-piece hydrophobic acrylic IOLs with anterior and posterior square optic edges, and 14 had 3-piece lenses with anterior round edges (13 silicone lenses and 1 hydrophobic acrylic lens) without symmetric in-the-bag fixation. These 27 selected eyes were processed for complete histopathologic analysis. Gross findings in both groups were composed of IOL decentration and tilt, pigmentary dispersion within the anterior segment and on the IOL surface, and iris transillumination defects. Histopathology of the 14 eyes with 3-piece IOLs with round anterior optic edges showed mild focal disruption of the iris pigmented layer and loop protrusion/erosion in the ciliary sulcus. Additional changes observed in the 13 eyes with square anterior optic edge IOLs included iris changes, such as vacuolization, disruption and loss of the pigmented epithelial layers, iris thinning and atrophy, synechiae, and pigmentary dispersion within the trabecular meshwork. One eye also exhibited initial signs of optic nerve disc cupping.

Conclusions: In this series, pathologic findings were more severe in eyes implanted with 3-piece IOLs with square anterior optic edges, suggesting that IOLs with round anterior edges are more suitable for sulcus fixation.

Financial disclosure(s): Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found after the references.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anterior Eye Segment / pathology*
  • Eye Banks
  • Humans
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular / methods*
  • Lenses, Intraocular*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Microscopy, Acoustic
  • Middle Aged
  • Phacoemulsification / methods*
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Pseudophakia / pathology*
  • Tissue Donors