Technological advances in interventions to enhance poststroke gait

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2013 May;24(2):305-23. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2012.11.005.

Abstract

Neurologic rehabilitation interventions may be either therapeutic or compensatory. Included in this article are lower extremity functional electrical stimulation, body weight-supported treadmill training, and lower extremity robotic-assisted gait training. These poststroke gait training therapies are predicated on activity-dependent neuroplasticity. All three interventions have been trialed extensively in research and clinical settings to show a positive effect on various gait parameters and measures of walking performance. This article provides an overview of evidence-based research that supports the efficacy of these three interventions to improve gait, as well as providing perspective on future developments to enhance poststroke gait in neurologic rehabilitation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Gait Disorders, Neurologic* / etiology
  • Gait Disorders, Neurologic* / physiopathology
  • Gait Disorders, Neurologic* / rehabilitation
  • Gait*
  • Humans
  • Robotics*
  • Stroke / complications
  • Stroke / physiopathology
  • Stroke Rehabilitation
  • Walking / physiology*