An analysis was made of the death rates from accidents in children aged 0-14 by health districts in England and Wales during the five year periods 1974-79 and 1980-84. Death rates were generally higher in the north and west of England and lower in the south and east. Rates were higher in urban areas than in rural areas. There was a more than five-fold difference between the highest and lowest rates by districts during both periods. There was a very strong correlation with social deprivation. Greater efforts are required to reduce unnecessary deaths and disability from childhood accidents. The lessons already learned in many parts of the world must now be put into much wider use and practice in the United Kingdom.