Regulatory Forum commentary: through the looking glass--SENDing the pathology data we have INHAND

Toxicol Pathol. 2014 Jul;42(5):807-10. doi: 10.1177/0192623313485451. Epub 2013 Apr 18.


During 2011, International Harmonization of Nomenclature and Diagnostic Criteria for Lesions in Rats and Mice (INHAND) Global Editorial Steering Committee representatives had discussions with representatives of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER), Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium (CDISC), and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Enterprise Vocabulary Services (EVS) to examine the potential use of INHAND terminology for SEND (Standard for Exchange of Nonclinical Data) submissions to the FDA. The interest in utilizing the INHAND nomenclature, based on input from industry and government toxicologists as well as information technology specialists, suggests that there will be wide acceptance of INHAND nomenclature. The purpose of this article is 2-fold: (1) to provide a brief historical background on the development of SEND and how it is structured and (2) to discuss the impact of SEND on toxicologic pathology and the role of INHAND.

Keywords: nomenclature; preclinical research and development.; regulatory affairs.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Databases, Factual*
  • Mice
  • National Cancer Institute (U.S.)
  • Pathology / standards*
  • Rats
  • Societies, Scientific*
  • Software
  • Terminology as Topic*
  • Toxicology / standards*
  • United States
  • United States Food and Drug Administration