Background: Sleep loss is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. It is known that chronic sleep restriction affects autonomic cardiovascular control and inflammatory response. However, scanty data are available on the effects of acute sleep deprivation (ASD) due to night shifts on the cardiovascular system and its capability to respond to stressor stimuli. The aim of our study was to investigate whether a real life model of ASD, such as "one night on-call", might alter the autonomic dynamic response to orthostatic challenge and modify the immune response in young physicians.
Methods: Fifteen healthy residents in Internal Medicine were studied before and after one night on-call at Rest and during a gravitational stimulus (head up-tilt test, HUT). Heart rate variability (HRV), blood pressure variability (BPV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) were analyzed during Rest and HUT before and after ASD. Plasmatic hormones (epinephrine, norepinephrine, cortisol, renin, aldosterone, ACTH) and tissue inflammatory cytokines were measured at baseline and after ASD.
Result: HRV analysis revealed a predominant sympathetic modulation and a parasympathetic withdrawal after ASD. During HUT, the sympathovagal balance shifted towards a sympathetic predominance before and after ASD. However, the magnitude of the autonomic response was lower after ASD. BPV and BRS remained unchanged before and after ASD as the hormone levels, while IFN-γ increased after ASD compared to baseline.
Conclusion: In summary, one night of sleep deprivation, at least in this real-life model, seems to affect cardiovascular autonomic response and immune modulation, independently by the activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis.
Keywords: ANS; ASD; Acute sleep deprivation; Autonomic nervous system; BMI; BP; BPV; BRS; HF; HR; HRV; HUT; Heart rate variability; Inflammation; LF; PBMC; Resident physicians; VLF; acute sleep deprivation; autonomic nervous system; baroreflex sensitivity; blood pressure; blood pressure variability; body mass index; head-up tilt; heart rate; heart rate variability; high frequency; low frequency; peripheral blood mononuclear cells; very low frequency.
Copyright © 2013 European Federation of Internal Medicine. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.