Optimal strategy of coronary revascularization in chronic kidney disease patients: a meta-analysis

Eur J Intern Med. 2013 Jun;24(4):354-61. doi: 10.1016/j.ejim.2013.03.010. Epub 2013 Apr 17.


Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have high risks of coronary artery disease (CAD). Coronary revascularization is beneficial for long-term survival, but the optimal strategy remains still controversial.

Methods: We searched studies that have compared percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) for revascularization of the coronary arteries in CKD patients. Short-term (30 days or in-hospital) mortality, long-term (at least 12 months) all-cause mortality, cardiac mortality and the incidence of late myocardial infarction and recurrence of revascularization were estimated.

Results: 28 studies with 38,740 patients were included. All were retrospective studies from 1977 to 2012. Meta-analysis showed that PCI group had lower short-term mortality (OR 0.55, 95% CI 0.41 to 0.73, P<0.01), but had higher long-term all-cause mortality (OR 1.29, 95% CI 1.23 to 1.35, P<0.01). Higher cardiac mortality (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.15, P<0.05), higher incidence of late myocardial infarction (OR 1.78, 95% CI 1.65 to 1.91, P<0.01) and recurring revascularization rate (OR 2.94, 95%CI 2.15 to 4.01, P<0.01) is found amongst PCI treated patients compared to CABG group.

Conclusions: CKD patients with CAD received CABG had higher risk of short-term mortality but lower risks of long-term all-cause mortality, cardiac mortality and late myocardial infarction compared to PCI. This could be due to less probable repeated revascularization.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Meta-Analysis

MeSH terms

  • Coronary Artery Bypass*
  • Coronary Artery Disease / etiology*
  • Coronary Artery Disease / mortality
  • Coronary Artery Disease / therapy
  • Humans
  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention*
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / complications*
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / mortality
  • Treatment Outcome